India is a land of festivals. It celebrates many religious holidays and three national holidays. Gandhi Jayanti (October 2), Republic Day (January 26) and Independence Day (August 15) are the three national holidays celebrated in the country. The Indian government has declared a national holiday at the country’s national festivals.

All schools, colleges, offices and markets in the country are closed at these festivals. National holidays are celebrated throughout the country with nationalistic and patriotic zeal. They are one of the few festivals that Indian citizens celebrate together beyond their divisions of caste and religion. Hindus, Muslims, Christians, rich and poor; educated and illiterate, they all commemorate their freedom fighters and their national heroes and reaffirm their faith in their vision and philosophy.

We propose here short and long essays on Indian national festivals, of different lengths, to help you with the topic discussed in your exams / school work.

These essays on the national festivals of India have been written in plain English to help you better understand the national festivals of India and their importance.

You can select any essay from the National Festivals of India according to your needs and requirements and present it during your essay contest, speech or essay debate at school or university.

India celebrates three national festivals: Republic Day, Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti. National festivals in India are celebrated with as much pomp and spectacle as religious festivals in different states. The citizens of our country are perceived as immersed in the feeling of patriotism in the three festivals. Several large and small events are organized to celebrate these festivals in different parts of the country.

Schools, universities, offices and markets are full of flowers, balloons, flags and curtains to improve the party atmosphere. Sketches, poetry stories, debates, costume contests and various cultural programs are organized as part of these celebrations. Celebrations in schools, offices and other institutes generally take place one day before these festivals, which are closed on the day of the festival. Several housing companies also organize to celebrate these festivals. They usually celebrate them during the morning hours. Cultural activities are organized, patriotic songs are played and a brunch or lunch is usually organized for people.

These festivals are celebrated to honor and inspire our great leaders. The events organized to celebrate these festivals also offer a good platform to forge links with our neighbors, colleagues and other loved ones.


Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti and Republic Day are the three national festivals of India. Each of these festivals has its own importance and relevance. These are celebrated for different reasons. Here is a summary of each of these festivals and their importance:

Independence Day

India gained its independence on August 15, 1947. Since then, every year, August 15 is celebrated as Independence Day. This day is celebrated as a sign of respect for the freedom fighters who fought selflessly for the freedom of our country. They remember their heroic acts that day. Speeches are given about freedom movements and the courage of freedom fighters to honor the great souls and inspire the youth of the country. Flags are raised in various parts of the country and cultural programs are organized.

Republic Day

The Constitution of India entered into force on January 26, 1950. This period is considered one of the most important in the history of our country. With the constitution of the constitution, India became a sovereign state. Since then, January 26 has been celebrated on a large scale in the country. The main event of Republic Day takes place in Rajpath, New Delhi. Parades, dances and various other cultural events take place during this event. It is a sign of respect for the constitution of India. Many small events are organized throughout the country to celebrate this day.

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