One of the bases of a democracy is free and fair elections. The duty of the Electoral Commission of India is to ensure the proper functioning of the electoral process. The autonomous authority must maintain the law and order during the electoral processes. It has the power to take any required action in case the situation becomes uncontrollable.

Here is an essay on the Electoral Commission of India of different durations to help you with the subject of your exam or your discussions.

After reading this essay by the Indian Election Commission, you will know what the Indian Election Commission is and what are the functions and responsibilities of the Indian Election Commission; improvements made by the Indian electoral commission to the electoral process; important facts about the electoral commission of India; critics of the Indian Election Commission, etc.

The Indian Election Commission operates under the authority of the Indian Constitution. It is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for effectively managing electoral processes in the country. The elections of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, as well as those of the State Legislative Councils, the State Legislatures and the positions of President and Vice President of India are administered by the Electoral Commission of India.

Established in 1950, the Indian Election Commission had only one full member of the position of Chief Commissioner of Elections. The Chief Election Commissioner administered the electoral process only for years. In October 1989, two other commissioners were appointed to the Indian Election Commission. The majority of retired IAS officers are selected for the position of Chief Election Commissioner and other Commissioners.

The Electoral Commission of India has been doing a good job since its creation. With few exceptions, the electoral processes in India have been generally harmonious and equitable. Many amendments have been made to the electoral process to improve the procedure. This includes the introduction of electronic voting machines (EVM) and the paper-based audit test verified by the voter (VVPAT).

It would not be a mistake to say that the Electoral Commission is constantly working to improve the electoral process in the country.


The Electoral Commission of India was created in 1950. It was composed of a chief election commissioner responsible for administering the electoral processes in the country. In 1989, two other members were added to the commission. The Electoral Commission has done a remarkable job since it got in shape. This requires the management of a series of tasks to ensure regular and regular elections throughout the country. To this end, the Indian Election Commission has made numerous revisions and improvements to the country’s electoral system.

Improvements made by the Indian Election Commission

These are the main changes made by the Indian Election Commission to improve the electoral process:

Introduction of electronic voting machine.
The paper ballot was completely replaced by an electronic voting machine in the 2004 elections in Lok Sabha. This measure was taken to facilitate the electoral process. However, he has been under the radar since then. Losing parties often claim that the SRM has been falsified to declare the results in favor of the winning party. However, the Electoral Commission maintains that the EVM cannot be falsified and can be completely reliable.

Introduction of voter identifier.
The voter ID card is issued to Indian citizens 18 years of age or older. Published by the Electoral Commission of India, this is the proof of identity required to vote in the country. It was introduced in 1993.

The Electoral Commission has introduced the NOTE option that means “None of the above” in the SRM. Voters who cannot find a party / candidate that can occupy this position can press NOTE to express their disapproval. NOTE was introduced in 2014 and a specific symbol (ballot with a black cross) was granted in September 2015.

Code of conduct
The Indian Election Commission has developed a standard code of conduct that each political party must respect to ensure free and fair elections. The Electoral Commission can prosecute any party that does not comply with the defined code.

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